Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Sustainability
Hidden workforcein India
Meaning of workforce.... (Economics) the total number of people who could be employedthe country's workforce. In India unemployment is very high 40Million with an Unemployment Rate of 9.4%. It contrary children below the age 18years are working as hidden workforce in India. These children are allaround within households, outside street at traffic lights, eateries, railwayplatform, in agriculture farm with parents, in seed production industry withoutparents in vulnerable environment, in brick kilns, industry, mines, coastalareas, entertainment industry and brothel at any age when our own children arein school or in playground.
If this is the situation allaround then who is accountable for child rights violations, parents, society,state, children themselves who because of the accident of where they are born.I believe no one will say children themselves assuming place of birth is notlinked to karma in past life. Then come to parents who are struggling forsurvival trapped in hunger, unemployment, debt. They are not in position tohelp their own children. This section of society is large in India as percensus 2001 over 5 lakh children working below the age of 5 and 13 millionchildren in various forms of work. Where as the actual figure is much higherevery child who is not in school is a hidden child worker, rearing youngersiblings, tending the home or helping parents earn. Then if we examine the society in large thenmost of them are contributing to it which is necessary but not sufficienteither they are giving donations to civil society organizations, volunteeringon the cause, some of them are doing for feel good factor like giving food andcloths. Every body is doing their bit as per the sensitivity towards children,time, and resources. Some of them are engaged in creating sensitivity towardsunderprivileged children. We also need to examine the market and media thepercentage of patronage towards children. We all are sensitive but ourinvestment is minimal we need to look it seriously. If we come to our stateresponsibility then Government is legally bound to ensure that every childunder 14 years is in a mainstreamed school, then there must be a complete banon child workers but in contrary government has banned on 13 occupations and 57processes. Law in Indiapermits most children of any age to work except prohibited hazardous area. Eventhese prohibited areas are rarely enforced. Country reports no more than a fewthousands prosecutions every year and even fewer convictions.
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