Emergency preparedness extends beyond just those communities in heavy drought/fire zones such as California, locations like the Midwest that are prone to tornadoes, and positions like the Gulf Coast that are disposed to hurricanes. Even if a region is not normally in a disaster-prone area, unforeseen catastrophes still occur. In fact, Ready.gov states that, during a person’s lifetime, most communities are at risk impact from several types of hazards, including terrorist attacks, pandemics, home fires, technological and accidental hazards, and natural disasters.
On a smaller, household level, everyone should have a disaster plan in place to protect loved ones, stock food and medical supplies to sustain them after an event, and if possible, help their neighbors.
Local agencies – NGOs and state/city governments – should also have a disaster response program that is equipped to support and care for their communities in the event that a disaster occurs. These response systems should certainly include housing shelters for victims displaced from their homes and temporary medical facilities equipped to provide critical medical treatment and care (for both slight and critical injuries). Additionally, administrative facilities to support recovery and response organization may be necessary as well.