Development Crossing

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Sustainability

Donald Reid
  • Male
  • Acari, RN, Brazil
  • Brazil
Share on Facebook Share on Facebook Share

Donald Reid's Friends

  • Ian Berry
  • Kelly Bricker
  • Ketan R Patel
  • Laura Hughes
  • Andrew
  • Bibhu Prasad Mohanty
  • Scott McReynolds
  • Daniel Suchenski
  • Lily Zhang
  • Jeff
  • Marcus Westling
  • Roger Tompkins
  • Development Crossing

RSS

Loading… Loading feed

 

Welcome! Ecotourism & Substantial Development In Brazil

Profile Information

What is your Interest?
Corporate Responsibility, Sustainable Development, Environment, Microfinance, Ecotourism
Represent:
Organization, Charity
Name of Company / Organization:
NGO/ONG Association ABTC-BRASIL
What is your current job title / department?
Tourism and Family Agriculture
What would you most like to get out of this network?
Networking, Share Best Practices, Potential Partners, Potential Investors, Support for ecology reserve in northwest Brazil.
What knowledge, skills and experience do you have that you would be happy for people to contact you over?
Brazil tourism. family agriculture, environmental consultant to Brazilian government. The NGO/ONG Association ABTC-BRASIL is a non-profit organization dedicated to furthering the exchange of information among travelers and promoting responsible travel and sustainable family agriculture in Brazil and South America.
Website
http://americanslivinginbrazil.ning.com/

A Brazilian Model of Sustainability Seeks Markets Overseas

.
Written by Geovana Pagel - BrazzilMAG
Tuesday, 16 September 2008
.
Over 5,000 hectares of dryland woods were preserved in the semiarid region of Pernambuco state, in the Brazilian Northeast, in less than one year. This preservation was only possible due to the use of sustainable wood promoted by the gypsum hub of Araripe, located 700 kilometers (435 miles) away from state capital Recife.
.
This new raw material comes from areas of native vegetation (caatinga) but with plans of forestry management approved by the Brazilian Environment and Renewable Natural Resource Institute (Ibama-PE) and the Pernambuco State Agency for the Environment and Water Resources (CPRH).
.
The Native Woods program was responsible for the solution found for the ancient environmental problem the hub had, which placed businessmen and environmental organisations in conflict. Ibama proposed the complementation of forestry management for the extraction of wood in an environmentally correct way.
.
"It is not a question of not using wood, but of having a management plan so that we may count on the caatinga for the rest of our lives," stated João Arnaldo Novaes, Ibama-PE superintendent.
.
As a result, a program was developed to make the gypsum hub comply with the legislation, which generated the intermediation of 41 companies since last year.
.
"The energy question is a problem in the region, but there are alternatives. They include the use of branches pruned from cashew trees in Rio Grande do Norte, Ceará and Piauí. After Ibama operation, most of the companies in the sector now have environmental licenses. There are figures showing that between 80% and 90% of the wood comes from legal plantations," he pointed out.
.
Sustainable firewood reduces the environmental impact on the caatinga and also the number of environmental fines in the region. "The plan of forestry management has become an important tool for environmental management," pointed out Novaes.
.
According to a study by the Ibama-Pernambuco, the gypsum hub in Araripe consumes around 1.5 million cubic meters of firewood per year. After the adoption of the sustainable forestry management plan, 15% of the companies are already using wood from the hub itself approved by the Ibama-PE and CPRH. Nine months ago, they were just 3%.
.
The authorized firewood, originally from cashew and carob trees from other regions of the caatinga, is used by 65% of the companies. The others use firewood originally from native woods knocked down for alternative use of the land (agriculture and livestock farming).
.
"The hub is close to reaching 100% use of sustainable firewood. The idea is to stimulate the adoption of a plan for sustainable forest management, including areas where firewood comes from the pruning of cashew and carob tress," believes the superintendent.
.
The state of Pernambuco has 30% of the gypsite reserves of the country and produces 95% of the gypsum consumed. Production is 2.8 million tons a year in an activity that counts on over 600 companies. The region includes the cities of Araripina, Bodocó, Ipubi, Ouricuri and Trindade, as well as cities in the states of Ceará and Piauí.
.
The hub generates 12,000 direct jobs and around 64,000 indirect ones, according to figures by the do Gypsum Industry Union (Sindugesso). Company revenues total approximately 640 million reais (US$ 357 million) a year.
.
Gypsite serves as raw material for several industries. The ore may be used in agriculture, as a corrective for soil, and, once calcinated, the product is used in the production of cement and gypsum for the civil construction, ceramic model, jewelry, automotive, medical and dentistry industries, among others.
.
Despite all these possibilities, in Brazil the product is still little used if compared to Europe and the United States. Whereas here it is 15 kilograms per inhabitant per year, in Europe, this proportion is 80 kilograms per inhabitant per year and in the United States, the largest consumer of gypsum in the world, it reaches 118 kilograms per inhabitant per year.
.
"Our building culture is Portuguese, using stone, of houses that may last 100 years. In the United States and Europe there is greater mobility. But perspectives are for the new technology to make it possible to find greater space in the civil construction industry, which currently still makes very heavy walls," stated the president at Sindugesso, Josia Inojosa Filho.
.
According to Inojosa, expectations are for consumption to grow between 15% and 20% this year. "The Southeast consumes 45% of the gypsum produced in Brazil. Per capita consumption should rise to 17 kilograms per inhabitant per year. In Pernambuco, it should rise from 4% to 7% of the total, due to the greater use of civil construction in other activities," he pointed out.
.
According to the president at Sindugesso, one of the great bottlenecks to growth of the gypsum hub is the difficulty of production. "The great future is going to be the Transnortheastern Railway. With the railway, the companies may transfer the production in an easier way. The cost with transportation is very high and it hinders the sector from being more competitive," he evaluates.
.
With the Transnortheastern railway connecting regions and bringing multimode transportation, using trains and ships, the tendency is to triple production. "The current production of between 400,000 and 600,000 tons a year may rise to between 1.8 million tons a year, for the cement industry alone. We take between seven and ten days from the date of order to delivery of the product in the Southeast. With the railway we could have a distribution center," says Inojosa.
.
When ready, the Transnortheastern highway should cover 1,860 kilometers, connecting the ports of Pecém, in Ceará state, and Suape, in Pernambuco, to Eliseu Martins, in Piauí. The delivery of 1,100 kilometers is expected by 2010.
.
Anba
.
============================================================
.
RPPN Sernativo in Acari, Rio Grande do Norte, the 'caatinga' reserve that our NGO/ONG is trying to purchase and protect is an existing experimental station, but for four tears the research stopped. (www.acari-rn.com.br/sernativo.htm) There is an area of 18 hectares (45 acres) between the two sections of the reserve that we plan on implanting a project to raise organic vegetables and medicinal plants and a school to teach locals how to work with this system called mandallas ... see the videos on our page (www.acari-rn.com.br/mandallas.htm).
.
In addition to the schhol we plan on building a 20 apartment guest ranch to introduce tourists to substantial eco-tourism by visiting the reserve and community and providing tours to over 75 registered archilogical sites within 10 km of the ranch.
.
The ranch is located lakeside on the beautiful lake Gargalheiras 213 km from the state capital of Natal.
.
We are looking for interested investors and donations to assist us. In the United States we are supported by the Focus Conservation Fund, a 501(c)(3), tax-exempt non-profit organization based in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. All donations are tax deductible to the limit allowed by law.
.


Donald Reid's Videos

  • Add Videos
  • View All

Comment Wall (5 comments)

At 4:39pm on April 11, 2008, Donald Reid said…
"I wanted to work for a company that is part of a society and contributes to it. I wanted to invest, but I also wanted something to believe in.."
At 4:44am on May 10, 2008, Development Crossing said…
Hi Donald,

Welcome to DC! If you haven't done so already, you may be interested in joining the Sustainable Tourism group.
At 7:51am on September 17, 2008, Donald Reid said…
Actually I am a consultant to the Brazilian environmental agency IBAMA (the agency used to be named SUDEPE) since 1982 ... in the late 1990s I changed from fisheries consultant to working with tourism projects in areas of environmental or ecological concern. I have been involved with tourism in Brazil since 1992.
.
I was first taken to the community in Acari (www.acari-rn.com.br) by one of our tour guides in 2004 and from the first day I was impressed by the natural beauty of the area. A local biologist had created the 'caatinga reserve' as an RPPN - Reserva Particular do Patromonia Natural - in 1996 alongside the lake Gargalheiras. Within 10 km of the reserve is over 75 registered archelogical sites with Indian paintings dating back over 10,000 years.
.
The biologist, Dra. Cecilia Medeiros, sold the ranch in 2004 to the Brazilian Land Reform agency INCRA, who in turn resold the land to a group of landless rural farmers know in Brazil as 'sem terras'. The 'sem terras' are known for their 'slash and burn' approach to farming ... in other words, burn everything and try to plant beans, etc. This is a means of survival for them. I violently opposed this sale and reported it to the Linha Verde (Green Line) or hotline of IBAMA. Our agency responded by sending 'fiscals' (Environmental police) to the ranch to inform the farmers that it was an ecological reserve and that as such was protected as a state or federal park and that they were forbidden to plant or turn animals loose in the reserve. They also informed INCRA that the sale itself was illegal.
.
The fact was that the biologist was getting old and had lost her initial drive to preserve nature ... she was only looking for fast money from the sale. She had lied to the INCRA agencies and had not informed them that the area was a dedicated reserve.
.
Finally, after four years fighting to save the reserve, the government and the bank decided to resell the land to our NGO/ONG.
.
The poor farmers were in a bad situation, and after many visits I became really concerned with their fate. Studying the situation we had 18 hectares of land within the ranch that were not part of the reserve. Then I discovered the idea of mandallas which was a novel and unique means of raising organic vegetables in small plots in semi-arid areas. This system had been developed by Dr. Willy Pessoa in the neighboring state of Paraiba. I signed up for their school in Cuite and started working to obtain a franchise for the system in out state. (I have posted a video on my Development Crossing page)
.
The idea is basically that the seven families left would work as a cooperative, would respect the 154 hectares of the reserve, and would install 48 mandallas as a community on the 18 acres. The reserve itself would be allowed to develop the reserve as a tourist attraction giving controlled tours in the reserve area, and building a guest ranch on another neighboring piece of land bordering the reserve which would also serve as a school to teach the mandalla system to other small farmers.
.
The purchase of the ranch by the NGO/ONG was been approved, and now we are trying to raise 'seed capital' from donations and members of our ONG which consists mainly of travelers (tourists) interested in perserving nature and the basic culture of the residents.
.
Capt. Donald Reid - Ande Turismo Ltda. (Andetur), and ONG ASSOCIAÇÂO ABTC-BRASIL, registered IBAMA – Ministério do Meio Ambiente – as Técnico Federal N° 235492 “Uso de Recursos Naturais / utilização do patrimônio natural; Turismo / complexos turísticos e de lazer, inclusive parques temáticos”
.
CONSULTOR DE VIAGENS
CENTRO DA RESERVAS - ACARI E SERIDÒ, RIO GRANDE DO NORTE
Tour Operator - EMBRATUR, SINDETUR, ABAV, IBAMA
.
Brazil Cell 55 (84) 9952-0658
USA PHONE/FAX 1 832 327-7299
.
At 8:12am on September 17, 2008, Donald Reid said…
http://ourworldcommunity.ning.com/ - I also joined this community at a suggestion from Jeff.
At 10:47am on September 19, 2008, Donald Reid said…
Beside the idea of eco-tourism from the hotel fazenda Sernativo, we have added a new project of implanting mandallas to benefit local residents both on the ranch property as well as in the entire seridó region.
.
A National Program of Rural Tourism in Family Farming is being deployed in Rio Grande do Norte. This year there will be 47 events designed to mobilize farmers, artisanal fishermen, women and young people with implementation of investment of $ 92 thousand.
.
The objective of the programme is to promote the revitalization of rural areas and restore and maintain the self-esteem of family farmers; stimulate the development of agroecology and shall complement the activities of household production offering local products. The investment will benefit, in principle, 500 people aiming to empower the diverse production systems in regions where the project will be enabled.
.
MANDALLAS
.
A mandalla is an agricultural structure formed by nine concentric circles in which cultivation areas are set up around a circular reservoir, six to twelve meters in diameter and with a capacity of 30,000 + liters of water, from where the irrigation system spreads, irrigating the crops, and providing a habitat for fish and fowl. The reservoir can be supplied by a well, a cistern, a river or any other source of water.
.
Goats, chickens, ducks and quail and a dirversity of plants live together in a 2,500 m² area forming an interactive system, where one element's needs are met by another's production or waste. For instance, the chickens and ducks offer manure and revolve the soil while feeding off undesirable weeds.
.
After a year of mandalla operation, the perdiction of gross income for an average mandalla is around R$ 1,700.00 (minimum) per month (around US$ 1,000.00) to an advanced full operation around as high as R$ 5,000.00 (US$ 2,900.00) per month per mandalla.
.
A 4 hectare plot (10 acres) can support from 5 - 8 mandallas, nurseries, and support activities including the operators family residence. Each pond can support from 2,000 - 3.,000 fish (tilapia).
.
A five hectare operation in Cuite, Paraiba, produces an average gross income of R$ 50,000.00 (US$ 29,500.00) per month including sale of fish products.
.
Before a mandalla can be built, an appropriate location has to be found, and the community has to be motivated to join the project and perform it. One important task for organizers is to identify people who are really interested in the project and to select leaders among these participants. The families receive training and a minimum wage for six months until the mandalla yields its first produce.
.
The irrigation system includes three circles of plastic tubes that are fed by a pump and are placed at the distance of two meters from each other. Simple solutions, such as cotton buds that are cut and fixed to the pipe, ensure the proper distribution of water. Leaf and non-leaf vegetables, roots and tubers, as well as spices and fruit trees may be planted in these cultivation areas.
.
See picture: http://www.acari-rn.com.br/mandala/apresentacaol/images/mandalla.jpg
.
The centerpiece of the mandala is the collecting basin from which water is supplied to the beds arranged in nine concentric circles. The inner circles are the quality of life circles. The fruit and vegetables grown here supply the family's own needs. The outer beds are called economic productivity circles. The products harvested there are for sale on the market. The environmental equilibrium circle around the perimeter is a natural protective barrier against animals. Trees and palms not only provide fruit, but also shade for the beds.
.
The water basin is also used to raise fish and waterfowl. A set of pens usually is placed next to the pond, before the first rows of plants.
.
OBS: The Sernativo Project in Acari, RN, has the main objective of saving the ecological reserve RPPN Sernativo (157 hectares) located on the banks of the Gargalheiras lake. The project will support also a small community (7 families) of small farmers. The plan is to install 35 - 40 mandallas to benefit these families and a Mandalla Uni-Center which will act as a school to train other rural families about the system.
.
Both students and visitors will be housed in the projected guest ranch hotel to be located on the property. Social development projects such as this mandalla project are also a tourist attraction.
.
Report on Tilapia production - Brazil produces 30,000 tons per year
http://ag.arizona.edu/azaqua/ista/reports/FitzsimAmericas.pdf
.
Tilapia are sometimes known as “aquatic chicken”, due to their high growth rates, adaptability to a wide range of environmental conditions, ability to grow and reproduce in captivity and feed on low trophic levels. As a result, these fishes have become excellent candidates for aquaculture, especially in tropical and subtropical regions. Indeed, tilapia culture has been expanding rapidly, and is now practiced in more than one hundred countries worldwide.
.
To meet the demand for tilapia fingerlings, we would establish at Sernativo a private fish hatchery. Although some fish-farmers specialize in just fingerling production, many of them are engaged in fingerling and food fish production simultaneously. As the indury expands, farmers realize the importance of using good quality fingerlings. As long as the demand for fingerlings exists, a well-managed hatchery is a lucrative business.
.
We would also do Tilapia cage culture which is growing tilapia in cages made of nylon nettings and bamboo frames that are floated, submerged or fixed at the bottom. The system utilizes bodies of water such as dams, rivers, lakes, bays, reservoirs and coves. We have the Gargalheiras reservoir (http://www.acari-rn.com.br/gargalheiras.htm) alongside Sernativo and the government agency DNOCS which is responsible has approved fish culture. This system is one of the effective technologies used in raising tilapia. Approximatel 200 fish and be raised in each cubic meter cage. Over 500 fingerlings can be raised in the same size cage.
.
Picture: http://www.acari-rn.com.br/mandala/apresentacaol/images/Tilapia_Photo_203.jpg
.
See the project page online: http://www.acari-rn.com.br/mandallas.htm
Overall project: http://www.acari-rn.com.br/sernativo.htm
Cooperative: http://www.acari-rn.com.br/coop.htm
.
Capt. Donald Reid - Andetur Brasil Ltda., and the Associação ABTC-Brasil, is registered with IBAMA Ministério do Meio Ambiente as Técnico Federal N° 235492 Uso de Recursos Naturais / utilização do patrimônio natural; Turismo / complexos turísticos e de lazer, inclusive parques temáticos **
.
** Federal Technician N° 235492 - Specializing in the use of natural resourses, using 'patrimônio natural' (resourses located in the area); tourism (registered with EMBRATUR, ABAV, and SINDITUR/RN), tourism and recreational complexes, including theme parks
.

You need to be a member of Development Crossing to add comments!

Join Development Crossing

 
 
 

© 2019   Created by Development Crossing.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service